Pomeranian pros and cons
Pros and cons of Pomeranian breed include the following
Pros of owning a Pomeranian include the dog's upbeat and active temperament. Poms are the ultimate companion dogs that need plenty of attention from the owners. In return a Pomeranian gives unconditional love and affection to his family. Pomeranians are busy little dogs that like to be involved in everything that is happening around them. Despite a small size, Pomeranians are active and enjoy long walks. Advantages of owning a Pomeranian include the dog's alert and protective character. Pomeranians make good watchdogs, always ready to let their owners about approaching strangers with a loud bark. Pomeranians are intelligent and quick to learn, but their independent temperament makes this breed rather difficult to train.
Cons associated with Pomeranians include challenges during training this independent minded breed. Potential owners need to be prepared to be patient during obedience training a Pomeranian. Pomeranians are small in size, and can be vulnerable around young children. This is one of disadvantages associated with this small dog breed. Pomeranians make wonderful companion pets for older people and for families with older, sensible children. Pomeranians love to bark, which can be a problem for Pom owners living in an apartment. Pomeranians can be trained to not bark on command.
Pomeranians have a fluffy double coat that requires daily care. This is a high maintenance breed that is suitable for owners who don't mind the high grooming needs of this demanding pet.
Pomeranian male weight: from 3 to 7 lb (1.4 to 3 kg)
Pomeranian female weight: from 3 to 7 lb (1.4 to 3 kg)
Pomeranian male height: from 8.5 to 11 in (22 to 28 cm)
Pomeranian female height: from 8.5 to 11 in (22 to 28 cm)
Pomeranian coat: thick coat with undercoat
Pomeranian colors: orange, orange sable, cream, wolf sable, black, chocolate, beaver, blue and part-colors. Merles are a recent introduction to the breed and not universally approved.
How many puppies do Pomeranian have?
Pomeranian litter size: from 2 to 4 puppies
How long do Pomeranian live?
Pomeranian lifespan: from 12 to 15 years
How much does a Pomeranian cost?
Pomeranian price starts at around $400 per puppy and up, depending on many factors
Pomeranian's fluffy coat requires daily attention. The thick coat needs to be brushed every day, using a stiff bristle brush to keep the undercoat and topcoat in best condition.
Professional dog clippers for Pomeranians
Show dogs are trimmed to emphasize the rounded shape.
Pomeranian nail grooming tools
Dog nail clippers
Trim Pomeranian's nails once every six weeks. Use a good pair of plier-type, small-size nail clippers, and styptic powder.
Styptic powder is used by dog groomers when they accidentally cut the dog's nail too far. There's a small vein located in each dog's nail and if it's cut, it may bleed and styptic powder is an effective way to stop the bleeding.
Pomeranian teeth care
Brush Pomeranian's teeth every day with a canine toothpaste to remove plaque. If plaque on teeth is not removed regularly, it will turn into a yellow crust, called tartar. Tartar harbors a lot of harmful bacteria that can damage not only the dog's teeth but can also affect the dog's overall health. Clean the dog's teeth starting when he is still a puppy and is more flexible when it comes to training. Dogs of any age can be trained to accept having their teeth brushed but older dogs may take longer.
Pomeranian eye stain remover
Use an eye stain remover for Pomeranian to safely remove the unattractive coloring around his eyes. If you notice more discharge from the dog's eyes than usual, check with your vet to rule out the possibility of health issues.
Bathing supplies for a Pomeranian include a canine shampoo.
Pomeranians need to be trained to accept grooming starting at an early age. It's important to teach your dog to positively accept grooming. Provide plenty of positive reinforcement and treats as you are grooming your Pomeranian to create that positive association with being groomed. Start early with training your Pomeranian puppy to lie quietly while you touch him. As he gets used to the tools and the focused touching, gradually increase the amount of time you work with him each session. Add combing to the routine and offer praise when he behaves. Never punish your Pomeranian for not holding still, because this can cause him to dislike or be fearful of being groomed. Instead, offer treats when he is calm and allows grooming. This way the dog will be looking forward to grooming sessions.
See a video where a professional Pomeranian groomer is showing how give a Pomeranian a haircut.
How to properly brush a Pomeranian - see video below.
Pomeranians have an extroverted and active personality. These small, fluffy dogs enjoy being in the center of events. Pomeranians have an independent temperament and may be challenging to train even though Pomeranians are quite intelligent. Pomeranians make good watchdogs and will usually announce a visitor with a loud barking. Most Pomeranians enjoy barking and need sensible training to prevent them from being noisy.
Video with instructions on how to stop a dog from barking.
Pomeranians need an owner who can dedicate a considerable amount of time to grooming and training the small, fluffy dog. Despite the tiny size, Pomeranians have a big personality and can become a bossy household tyrant with an overindulgent owner.
Are Pomeranians good with kids? Pomeranians are not ideal dogs for busy families with young kids. Many Pomeranian breeders will not sell a puppy to a family that has kids under the age of 8. The tiny dog is not a toy and small kids may unintentionally hurt the animal. Pomeranians are active small dogs and a family with very young children may not have the time that the dog requires to keep him properly groomed and out of mischief. Young children must be supervised around Pomeranians. Teach your kids how to play with the dog in a gentle manner.
Pomeranians make excellent companions for elderly people as long as the income allows for frequent grooming and energy level is sufficient to walk the dog and take care of housetraining issues. If you are planning to get a Pomeranian puppy, it is important to understand that this particular dog breed will need a lot of grooming and coat maintenance, otherwise the dog's coat will mat, which leads to dog's discomfort and can cause certain health issues with the dog's skin.
Pomeranians are suitable for living in either a country home or in a small apartment and he makes a great pet for an owner who is able to spend most of the time with the loyal small dog. Pomeranians that live in an apartment benefit from daily walks that provide the dog with physical and mental stimulation. A healthy adult Pomeranian can walk for miles despite the small size. Owners can also play with the dog indoors to provide the dog with sufficient exercise. Pomeranians that lack sufficient exercise often bark to the point of becoming an annoyance to neighbors. Keep the small dog busy by providing him with fun toys, including treat dispenser toys designed for small dogs, chewable toys to keep Pom's teeth healthy and other mind stimulating dog toys.
Training a Pomeranian dog
Pomeranians respond well to positive training techniques, including treats and praise. Start potty training the Pomeranian puppy from the young age. Some Pomeranian owners choose to crate train the Pomeranian as crate trained dogs are easier to housetrain.
Crate training is important and will help you to achieve positive results with potty training your Pomeranian. Dogs do not like to eliminate in a place where they sleep. When you are crate training your Pomeranian, do not rush. Let the dog naturally get used to the crate by making the crate a comfortable sleeping place for the dog. Throw in some treats and do not rush with closing the crate's doors too soon. Wait for a few days until the dog is fully comfortable using the crate as his sleeping place before training the dog to be comfortable in a closed crate. Never use the crate as a punishment, as the dog will learn to associate it with negative things and will not be comfortable spending time in the crate. Your Pomeranian's crate should be his safe haven where the dog can sleep and relax.
Most dogs enjoy to have a predictable schedule, and your Pomeranian will benefit from an orderly meal and walking schedule. Having a predictable schedule will help you to determine when your dog is ready to be taken out for a walk to relieve himself and in turn helps with potty training your dog.
Best dog food for Pomeranian
The quality of the dog food that you are feeding a Pomeranian will determine the dog's overall health and longevity. Premium-grade dog foods will be higher priced, but your dog's health and appearance will greatly benefit from good nutrition.
How often you feed your Pomeranian will depend on his age. Puppies up to 3 to 4 months of age should be fed four times daily, because they have smaller stomachs that fill more quickly and they need to consume more calories because of their increased energy levels. After 4 months of age, reduce feedings to 3 times daily until they are about 10 months old. Once a puppy is full grown, he can be switched to an adult schedule of 2 meals per day.
Do Pomeranians shed? The luxurious Pomeranian double coat does shed and needs daily brushing to keep it in best condition. If you are planning to own a Pomeranian, be sure to invest in a good vacuum cleaner for easier clean up of the shedded Pom's hair. Pomeranian puppies lose their puppy coat when they are between 3 and 7 months old. The new hair will take about five months to grow.
How to care for a Pomeranian
Pomeranians are known for their big coat that requires daily brushing and care. During the hot summer season some Pomeranian owners choose to trim Pomeranian's coat and keep it short to keep the dog comfortable. Learn how to groom a Pomeranian dog at home by watching the following video.
If you are trimming a Pomeranian's coat at home, see Pomeranian hair cutting video tutorial below.
Besides caring for the dog's coat, Pomeranian's teeth will also require daily brushing. Start training the Pomeranian puppy to have his teeth brushed from an early age. Pomeranian puppies are easier to train to have their teeth cleaned and the earlier the dog's teeth are properly cared for, the less dental issues the dog will have later in life.
To care for Pomeranian's nails, use nail clippers for small dogs and trim the dog's nails once every six weeks or as needed. Long, overgrown nails may cause pain to the dog's paws. In extreme cases, the dog's nails may grow into his flesh, causing bacterial infections and may even affect Pomeranian's gait.
Keep Pomeranian's ears clean and wipe the ears with a clean, dry towel after each bath to help lower the chance of developing ear infections.
If eye stains are an issue for a Pomeranian dog, be sure to use eye stain removers to keep the area around the eyes clean and healthy.
Pomeranian health problems
Pomeranian is a toy breed that is prone to the following health problems: patellar luxation (kneecap dislocation), tracheal collapse, entropion (inward-turning eyelids), cataracts, and skin disease causing loss of hair.
Poms were not always toy-sized. The original Pom was a larger dog, weighting about 30 lb. (13.6 kg) until a fashion for tiny specimens led to the creation of the modern Pomeranian. Pomeranian's larger cousins are now known as German Spitz and come in a range of sizes.
Pomeranians were developed from sled dogs in Finland and Iceland. Pom's ancestors include Alaskan Malamutes, Samoyeds, Siberian Huskies, and Keeshonds.
England's Queen Victoria began breeding smaller German Spitz to create Pomeranians that could be lapdogs. The breed's name comes from a German Province called Pomerania.
Poland and Germany are considered to be the countries of origin for Pomeranian breed. The breed was recognized by AKC in 1888.