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Maltese lifespan

How long do Maltese dogs live?

Factors that affect Maltese life expectancy

Maltese dog life span

Maltese lifespan What is the average lifespan of a Maltese dog breed? Most Maltese dogs live from 12 to 15 years, with some Malteses living even longer. Small dog breeds such as the Maltese have a longer life expectancy when compared to larger breed. Scientists are still working on figuring out what causes smaller breeds such as the Maltese to live longer than larger breeds and so far there is no definitive answer. Even among smaller dog breeds there are significant differences in life expectancy from one small dog breed to another. What are some of the factors that may affect Maltese dog's lifespan?

Things that affect Maltese lifespan

While Maltese dogs live longer than many other dog breeds, some of the factors may directly affect a dog's life expectancy. Maltese dog's health, for example, plays a big role in how long this small companion dog breed will live. Number one cause of death in Maltese dogs is Cardiovascular disease. Inherited diseases may be responsible to some extent for the duration of Maltese dog's life. Choosing a responsible Maltese breeder that conducts a thorough health screening of the breeding stock. Choosing a Maltese breeder that can provide you with the health certificates that prove that your Maltese puppy is healthy and comes from healthy parents can make a positive difference on the dog's overall health as well as on the longevity of your new family member.


While genetics of your Maltese dog is something that you can't change, there are some things that you as a Maltese owner can do in order to ensure that your pet lives a long and healthy life. Proper care is important for every dog, including the Maltese. Dental care should start early on so that a puppy can learn to accept getting the teeth brushed. Why is dental care so important for Maltese dogs? Dental health directly affects overall health of your pet, including heart health. Bacteria that may form on a dog's teeth may turn into a serious health issue if the dog's teeth are not brushed regularly. Without healthy teeth a Maltese dog can't properly chew the food and as a result there may be various digestive issues that are caused by unhealthy teeth. Many cardiovascular diseases are also affected by the dental health as harmful bacteria and inflammation caused by poor dental health may cause various health issues that take toll on the dog's health as well as life expectancy. Regular check ups with the vet can help to keep your dog's teeth in good condition well into the old age. Brushing your Maltese dog's teeth daily can also help to remove the harmful bacteria that otherwise can turn into a hard tartar that is more difficult to remove.

Maltese dogs with known health issues need to receive proper treatment that can help to manage the disease and in many cases can also help your pet live a longer and more comfortable life. Maltese longevity is also correlated to diet as well as lifestyle. Dogs that eat a healthy and nutritious food enjoy a better chance of living a longer life with fewer health issues. Lifestyle is another important factor that affects Maltese dog's lifespan. Regular physical and mental exercise such as daily walks help to keep your small pet in good health and to live a longer life as a result.

What other factors affect Maltese dog's lifespan? Size of Maltese dogs may play a role in their life span. Teacup Maltese dogs, for example, may have various health issues associated with the tiny size and as a result may have a shorter life expectancy than Maltese dogs of average size. Maltese dogs are small and fragile, making these miniature dogs more susceptible to accidental traumas. Supervision is very important in order to prevent trauma. Always supervise your pet around toddlers and young kids because a small dog can easily get hurt by a child when picked up and dropped. Never leave your pet unattended around young children. Small size makes Maltese dogs vulnerable around larger dog breeds that may see a small dog such as the Maltese as a prey. Supervise your Maltese to prevent any tragedies that may occur when the small dog interacts with larger dogs. Opt for a dog play yard for small dogs only when given a choice. Let your Maltese play with other smaller dogs as even a friendly large dog may accidentally hurt the small Maltese by stepping on it accidentally.

Maltese owners should also be careful when sitting down on furniture where a small Maltese spends time. Unfortunately many small dogs die as a result of being sat upon or accidentally stepped on by their human family members. If you are traveling with a Maltese dog, be sure keep your dog safe by using a dog car seat.

Maltese mix dogs are known to have a hybrid vigor, which means that due to crossing two different dog breeds there may be fewer chances for genetic issues associated with one particular breed to be transferred to the offspring. While some health conditions may be passed to Maltese mix dogs, there's often a healthier offspring.

Some of the popular Maltese cross breeds include Maltipoo (Maltese Poodle Mix), Malchi (Maltese Chihuahua Mix), Malshi (Maltese Shih Tzu Mix), Maltipom (Maltese Pomeranian Mix), Morkie and many others.

Maltese dogs are considered to be long lived since their life expectancy is longer on average in comparison to many other breeds. Throughout their lives Maltese dogs have different needs in terms of care. Maltese puppies are tiny and fragile, especially during the first few months of their life. Every day is a learning experience for your Maltese pup and it is important to start potty training as well as obedience training and socialization when your Maltese puppy is about 2 to 3 months of age. Maltese puppies are quickly developing during the first year of their life and during this time a puppy is more flexible and easier to train. Training your young Maltese dog to accept grooming is also very important to begin at an early age. Gently brush your Maltese for a couple of minutes daily and offer a treat immediately after brushing. This way your Maltese dog will learn that brushing and grooming is a calm and pleasant experience.

During their adolescence and adult life, Maltese dogs are most active and need regular exercise that helps the dog to stay in good health. Playtime indoors and outdoors is important for your pet's mental and physical shape. Nutritious diet is also very important for your Maltese dog throughout his or her lifetime.

Senior Maltese dogs are less active and they may start experience various issues associated with getting older. Some Maltese dogs may begin to lose control of their bladder as they get older and offering your pet shorter but more frequent walks can help your pet stay comfortable and they can better control bladder when bathroom breaks are offered more often. If your older Maltese is experiencing incontinance, getting comfortable dog diapers for your dog may help to deal with this issue and will help to keep your pet as well as your floors dry and clean.

Male dog wraps for Maltese

Female dog diapers for Maltese

What are the main causes of death in Maltese dogs? While many Maltese dogs die from an old age and complications associated with aging, congenial disease, hearth diseases and canine cancer are among the top causes of death of Maltese dogs. Lack of proper care and accidental traumas are also on top of the list of death causes for this small dog breed.
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